Farmzone: Fire Suppression

Fire Suppression



  1. How much money is spent fighting fires in Canada?

    Public agencies in Canada spend an average of over $400-million dollars a year on fighting forest fires. This figure varies from year to year depending on the region and the severity of the fire season. Because of Canada's size and the nature of large-scale atmospheric motions, one or more regions of Canada can experience high levels of fire activity in any given year.

  2. Do we try to fight all forest fires?

    The current approach for fire management in Canada is that more than 90% of all fires are fought. As part of this approach, each province and territory assigns a priority to various areas that determines the level of fire suppression activity. High priority areas include wildland-urban interfaces (where communities are adjacent to forested areas), forests with a high commercial value, and recreational sites. These areas typically receive aggressive action to contain and suppress fires. Efforts in these areas represent the majority of expenses related to fire fighting.

    Low priority areas such as wilderness parks and remote forested areas of limited economic value are monitored, but fires are fought on a limited basis unless they approach high priority areas. These fires represent the majority of the area burned in Canada.

  3. How do you protect your house and community?

    There are a number of simple and affordable methods to help homeowners reduce the risk associated with living in forested areas. These include clearing vegetation from around the home, building with fire-resistant materials, and identifying and dealing with risks before fire occurs. Community protection requires a long-term, multi-disciplinary approach to reduce the risk of forest fire damage or loss. Public education, emergency response planning, hazard assessment, and land-use planning can all make a difference. Community protection is about minimizing the negative impact of fire on a community and preparing efficient and effective community responses when fires occur. For more information about protecting your home and community, visit the Partners in Protection web site:

  4. How do sprinklers work?

    Sprinkler systems are installed on houses and other structures in order to create a dome of humidity that will reduce the potential fire intensity and radiant heat from burning vegetation adjacent to the structure. The sprinklers will also change the moisture levels of the building and roof materials, making them less likely to catch fire from falling embers.

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